At Infosys, we have always believed that information asymmetry between the Management and shareholders should be minimized. Accordingly, we have always been at the forefront in practicing progressive and transparent disclosures. We were the first in India to adopt the U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (U.S. GAAP). Further, we were the first foreign private issuer in India to file primary financial statements with Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as issued by International Accounting Standards Board. Thereafter, we rapidly progressed to additional disclosures that give deeper insights to the way we run our business and into our value creation. We continue to provide additional information even though it is not mandated by law because we believe that it will enable investors to make more informed choices about our performance.
The book, The Value Reporting Revolution : Moving Beyond the Earnings Game, authored by Robert Eccles, Robert Herz, Mary Keegan and David Phillips, associated to accounting firm PricewaterhouseCoopers, (published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA, ©2001), acknowledged the need to go beyond GAAP in providing information to shareholders. In their book, Building Public Trust : The Future of Corporate Reporting (published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA, ©2002 PricewaterhouseCoopers), our business model and reporting were referred in detail.
We believe the following Value Reporting™ paradigm applies to us :
We identified the need to provide a range of non-financial parameters early in our existence – before our Indian public offering in 1993.
To reduce information asymmetry, we make the following disclosures in addition to the mandated Indian and IFRS financial statements and supplementary data as required by the relevant statutes :
By adopting similar internal measures to evaluate business performance, our employees are adjudged based on metrics that are additional to the financials. This balances financial and non-financial performance across all levels of the organization. Accordingly, we seek to align the measures by which stakeholders measure our performance with what results in employee rewards.
In addition to the Annual Report, a Sustainability Report measuring compliance against the Global Reporting Initiatives (GRI) is also being published since fiscal 2008.
In fiscal 2005, we adopted and furnished eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) data to the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for the first time. We are the fourth Company worldwide to adopt XBRL. As the SEC website is under preparation for acceptance of IFRS XBRL filings, we have not been furnishing our IFRS filings after March 31, 2009 although we have completed a pilot testing on XBRL statements in IFRS.
The book, One Report: Integrated Reporting for a Sustainable Strategy , authored by Robert Eccles and Michael Krzus, (published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA, ©2010), analyses the need to give one integrated report for financial and non-financial measures for providing information to shareholders. Although currently we give all the information in various reports we would be striving towards an integrated report in future.
In the coming years, we will continue in our commitment to furnish additional qualitative information to help our shareholders better understand the management of our business.