Over the past decades, technology and information revolutions have fundamentally transformed economic and political relationships between nations. Thanks to the opening up of financial markets across the globe, investors today have a wide choice of capital markets to invest in. Consequently, the global investor must have access to information about the performance of any company, in any market that he or she chooses to invest in. However, differences in language, accounting practices, and reporting requirements in various countries render performance reports by many companies rather investor-unfriendly.
Today, the strength of a global company lies in its ability to access high-quality capital at the lowest cost from a global pool of investors. Such companies study the needs of global investors and publish financial information in a language and form understood by their existing as well as prospective investors. In the process, financial statistics may have to be restated and financial terminology may need to be translated. Indeed, a key issue in international financial analysis is the restatement and translation of financial reports that describe operations conducted in one environment, but which are the subject of review and analysis in another.
The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) have gained significant momentum across the globe. Many countries have adopted IFRS and some of them, including India, are in the process of adopting the same. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) permits foreign private issuers to file financial statements in accordance with IFRS without any reconciliation with U.S. GAAP. We have fully adopted IFRS as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board for our filings with SEC, effective March 31, 2009. Audited IFRS statements are available in our Annual Report on Form 20-F, filed with SEC for the year ended March 31, 2011. The details are also available on our website www.infosys.com.
Australia, France, Germany and United Kingdom have adopted IFRS. We are presenting extracts of the unaudited consolidated financial statements for these countries presented in substantial compliance with IFRS in their respective local currencies. Canada is in the process of adopting IFRS in full with effect from the year 2011. Canadian GAAP financial statements have been presented on the same basis as earlier years. The financial information presented in Japanese GAAP in this annual report has been translated from our audited IFRS financial statements. The information will be included in the Securities Report to be filed with the Ministry of Finance, Japan. Further, keeping in mind their local regulations and practices, these countries have formulated their own corporate governance standards. We have provided statements on substantial compliance with these standards in the respective national languages of these countries.
The unaudited consolidated Balance Sheets and Income Statements, excluding notes to the financial statements, have been presented by converting the various financial parameters, reported in our consolidated Balance Sheets and Income Statements, into the respective currencies of the above countries.
In addition, appropriate adjustments have been made for differences, if any, in accounting principles, and in formats, between India, these countries and IFRS.
Corporate governance report – Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan and United Kingdom
ASX Corporate Governance Council – Principles of good corporate governance and best practices recommendations
The Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) Corporate Governance Council (‘the Council’) was formed on August 15, 2002 to develop and deliver an industry-wide, support framework for corporate governance which could provide a practical guide for listed companies, their investors, the wider market and the Australian community. The Council published its first edition of ‘Principles of Good Corporate Governance and Best Practice Recommendations’ document in March 2003. The Council undertook an extensive review of the first edition and issued a revised Corporate Governance Principles and Recommendations (second edition Corporate Governance Guidelines) in August 2007. Further, amendments were made to the second edition in 2010, and were applicable to an entity’s first financial year commencing on or after January 1, 2011, though early application was encouraged. The Company has adopted these amendments early. The corporate governance principles and recommendations of the council are not mandatory, but Australian listed entities must disclose those principles that are not in compliance and the reasons for non-compliance.
The council proposed eight core principles which it believes underlie good corporate governance. We comply substantially with all recommendations made by the council, except the following :