Significant accounting policies and notes on accounts
Infosys Technologies (Australia) Pty. Limited (the ‘Company’) is a Company domiciled in Australia.
The Company is of a kind referred to in Class Order 98/0100 dated 10 July 1998 (updated by CO 05/641 effective 28 July 2005 and CO 06/51 effective 31 January 2006), issued by the Australian Securities & Investments Commission.
(a) Basis of preparation
These financial statements as at the year end March 31, 2011 have been prepared under historical cost convention on the accrual basis. Accounting policies have been consistently applied to all periods presented in the financial statements.
The preparation of the financial report requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimate is revised and any future periods affected. Information about significant areas of estimation uncertainty and critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amount recognized in the financial statements are described in a Note.
The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to all periods presented in the financial report.
The carrying amount of assets, other than deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment. If any such indication exists the asset’s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The loss is recognized in the income statement, unless an asset has previously been revalued, in which case the impairment loss is recognized as a reversal to the extent of that previous revaluation with any excess recognized through profit or loss. This estimation of the recoverable amount is the greater of their fair value less costs to sell and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.
The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to all periods presented in the financial report.
(b) Income tax
Income tax on the profit or loss for the year comprises current and deferred tax.
Current tax is the expected tax payable on the taxable income for the year, using tax rates enacted or substantially enacted at the Balance Sheet date and any adjustment to tax payable in respect of previous years.
Deferred tax is provided using the Balance Sheet liability method, providing for temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for taxation purposes. The amount of deferred tax provided is based on the expected settlement of the carrying amount of assets and liabilities, using tax rates enacted or substantially enacted at the Balance Sheet date.
A deferred tax asset is recognized only to the extent that is probable that future taxable profits will be available against which the temporary difference can be utilized.
Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realized.
(c) Foreign currency transactions
Foreign-currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities are translated at exchange rates in effect at the Balance Sheet date. The gains or losses resulting from such translations are included in the profit or loss account. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and measured at fair value are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date when the fair value was determined. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction.
(d) Revenue recognition
The Company derives revenues primarily from software development and related services. Arrangements with customers for software development and related services are either on a fixed-price, fixed-timeframe or on a time-and-material basis.
Revenue on time-and-material contracts are recognized as the related services are performed and revenue from the end of the last billing to the Balance Sheet date is recognized as unbilled revenues. Revenue from fixed-price, fixed-timeframe contracts, where there is no uncertainty as to measurement or collectability of consideration, is recognized as per the percentage-of-completion method. When there is uncertainty as to measurement or ultimate collectability, revenue recognition is postponed until such uncertainty is resolved. Efforts expended have been used to measure progress towards completion as there is a direct relationship between input and productivity. Provisions for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates. Costs and earnings in excess of billings are classified as unbilled revenue while billings in excess of costs and earnings are classified as unearned revenue. Maintenance revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the underlying maintenance arrangement.
The Company accounts for volume discounts and pricing incentives to customers as a reduction of revenue based on the ratable allocation of the discounts/ incentives amount to each of the underlying revenue transaction that results in progress by the customer towards earning the discount/ incentive. Also, when the level of discount varies with increases in levels of revenue transactions, the Company recognizes the liability based on its estimate of the customer’s future purchases. If it is probable that the criteria for the discount will not be met, or if the amount thereof cannot be estimated reliably, then discount is not recognized until the payment is probable and the amount can be estimated reliably. The Company recognizes changes in the estimated amount of obligations for discounts in the period in which the change occurs. The discounts are passed on to the customer either as direct payments or as a reduction of payments due from the customer.
The Company presents revenues net of value-added taxes in its Profit and Loss account.
Payments made under operating leases are recognized in the net profit in the statement of comprehensive income on a straight line basis over the term of the lease. Lease incentives received are recognized in the net profit in the statement of comprehensive income as an integral part of the total lease expense.
(f) Other income
Other income comprises interest income on funds invested. Interest income is recognized as it accrues, taking into account the effective yield on the financial asset.
Foreign currency gains and losses are reported on a net basis.
All trade and other receivables are stated at amortized cost less impairment losses.
Trade debtors are recognized at the amounts receivable as they are due for settlement no more than 30 days from the date of recognition. Retention debtors represent recoverable amounts for work completed on fixed price contracts which are subject to delayed payment terms.
Collection of trade debtors is reviewed on an ongoing basis. Debts which are known to be uncollectible are written off. A provision for doubtful debts is raised when sufficient doubt exists as to collection.
(h) Fixed assets and intangibles
All assets acquired, including property, plant and equipment are initially recorded at their cost of acquisition at the date of acquisition, being the fair value of the consideration provided plus incidental costs directly attributable to the acquisition.
Depreciation is calculated on a straight line basis to write off the net cost of each item of property, plant and equipment over its expected useful life to the entity. Estimates of remaining useful lives are made on a regular basis for all assets, with annual reassessments for major items. The expected useful lives are as follows :
Plant and equipment
Furniture and fittings
Software product development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and the costs can be measured reliably. The costs which can be capitalized include the cost of material, direct labour, overhead costs that are directly attributable to preparing the asset for its intended use. Software development costs incurred under contractual arrangements with customers are accounted as cost of sales.
Lease hold improvements are amortized over their estimated useful life.
(i) Employee benefits
(i) Wages and salaries and annual leave
Liabilities for wages and salaries, including non-monetary benefits and annual leave expected to be settled within 12 months of the reporting date are recognized in other creditors in respect of employees’ services up to the reporting date and are measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled. Expected future payments are discounted using market yields at the reporting date on national government bonds with terms to maturity and currency that match, as closely as possible, the estimated future cash outflows.
(ii) Long service leave
The liability for long service leave expected to be settled within 12 months of the reporting date is recognized in the provision for employee benefits and is measured in accordance with (i) above. The liability for long service leave expected to be settled more than 12 months from the reporting date is recognized in the provision for employee benefits and measured as the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the reporting date.
Consideration is given, to expected future wage and salary levels, experience of employee departures and periods of service. Expected future payments are discounted using market yields at the reporting date on national government bonds with terms to maturity and currency that match, as closely as possible, the estimated future cash outflows.
(iii) Employee benefit on-costs
Employee benefit on-costs, including payroll tax, are recognized and included in employee benefit liabilities and costs when the employee benefits to which they relate are recognized as liabilities.
Obligations for contributions to defined contribution superannuation funds are recognized as an expense in profit or loss when they are due.
(j) Goods and Services Tax
Revenues, expenses and assets are recognized net of the amount of Goods and Services Tax (GST), except where the amount of GST incurred is not recoverable from the taxation authority. In these circumstances, the GST is recognized as part of the cost of acquisition of the asset or as part of the expense.
Receivables and payables are stated with the amount of GST included.
The net amount of GST recoverable from, or payable to, the ATO is included as a current asset or liability in the Balance Sheet.
Cash flows are included in the statement of cash flows on a gross basis. The GST components of cash flows arising from investing and financing activities which are recoverable from, or payable to, the ATO are classified as operating cash flows.
(k) Provisions and contingent liabilities
A provision is recognized when there is a present legal, equitable or constructive obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that a future sacrifice of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, the timing or amount of which is uncertain.
A provision for an onerous contract is recognized when the expected benefits to be derived by the Company from a contract are lower than the unavoidable cost of meeting its obligations under the contract.
Provision is made for the amount of any dividend declared by the directors on or before the end of the financial period but not distributed at Balance Sheet date.
(m) Trade and other payables
Trade and other payables are stated at amortized cost. These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to the Company prior to the end of the financial year and which are unpaid. The amounts are unsecured and are usually paid within 30 days of recognition.
(n) Cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash balances and call deposits.
(o) Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value which is the average market value of the outstanding shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented.
The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for any share splits and bonus shares issues including for changes effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.
Mainstream Software Pty Ltd was placed in Member’s voluntary liquidation by a resolution on 9 September, 2009 and the Company has been deregistered as on 27 July, 2010