UX technology

Trend 7: Micro frontends

Proper frontend development requires concerted efforts and becomes a complex affair to manage in the case of large products. Earlier, frontend applications were packaged as a monolith, bundled with all capabilities and functional elements required to cater to various end-user requirements. Naturally, it was difficult to apply new enhancements to such applications and, in doing so, often ended with an overhaul of the entire application.

Micro frontends can help in such situations because they slice frontend monoliths into smaller and easier-to-handle pieces. This architecture can increase the effectiveness of teams that work on the frontend. Micro frontends promise a future where developers can refactor existing web application packages with proven JavaScript frameworks such as Angular and React through the use of progressive strangulation techniques.

The frontend application architecture must be reimagined to identify functional components and capabilities that can exist independently to implement an effective micro frontend strategy.

A European supermarket is a good example in which Infosys implemented a developer platform user interface with React-based micro frontend apps using web components and integrating with the supermarket’s DevOps platform UI. Infosys collaborated with the client’s architects for their DevOps implementation, which enabled their multivendor, multifunctional engineering teams to add visualization components with ease onto a unified dashboard.

An American regional utility player has deployed an app built by Infosys to pay bills and manage services. The app uses micro UI with components loaded on demand.

UX technology

Trend 8: Spatial user interfaces

Augmented, virtual and mixed reality user experiences rely on real-time inputs from the physical world to deliver outputs that are a blend of real-world data and programmed elements that operate on real-world data and digital objects.

The launch of XR-enabled user experiences has been delayed due to the high costs and lack of device support. Today, XR-enabled technology is available even in mobile handsets, with market leaders Google’s ARCore and Apple’s ARKit becoming mainstream. Once Apple launched its ARKit as part of iOS 11, it was able to add thousands of AR apps to the App Store. Microsoft also released its MR toolkit with Unity as open source, which helps developers learn techniques and best practices to develop applications on Microsoft HoloLens and Open VT platforms.

Industry analyst Gartner expects 100 million users will utilize AR-enabled shopping by 2020. Infosys experts also anticipate gaming, retail and navigational use cases will adopt AR and VR technologies faster.

Another key reason for the slow XR adoption is the ambiguity of how technology can help enterprises solve specific problems. Companies will need to conduct focused research on specific use cases relevant to their business and analyze the ROI of each scenario to accelerate the successful adoption of XR.

For one of the largest energy companies in Netherlands, Infosys developed an MR-based application to train technicians on boiler repair with the help of Microsoft HoloLens.

Infosys partnered with a global technology company to create an augmented assistance printer repair solution with the remote assistance of Apple ARKit. The solution helps technicians recognize the equipment and provide contextual information using AR.

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